Some people are allergic to certain foods. Eating these foods could make them ill and may even be life-threatening. There is currently no cure for food allergies and the only way to manage this is to avoid the food that makes you ill.
Allergens are proteins found in food and there is usually more than one in food which can make you ill. An allergic reaction can be produced by a tiny amount of the ingredient that a person is sensitive to; for example, a fragment of peanut or just one or two sesame seeds. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include stomach upsets, rashes, itching of the skin or mouth, swelling of the throat and difficulties breathing. Around ten people a year in the UK die from allergic reactions to food.
As of the 13th December 2014 EU legislation, EU Food Information Regulation No. 1169/2011 (FIR) and Food Information for Consumers Regulation (FIC) became effective. This has impacted all Caterers, Wholesalers and Foodservice companies within the food industry.
Caterers and Food businesses are now required by law to be able to provide customers with accurate information on the EU’s 14 major food allergens listed below if they are included in any of the food products they produce, sell or serve.
What are the 14 Major Food Allergens?
There are 14 major allergens which need to be declared when used as ingredients. The following list tells you what these allergens are and provides some examples of foods where they may be found: